(Dr. Bishnuhari Pandit, Benju Baniya and Rupa Chapagain), 19-22 July 2019
A. Budol Nursery visit, 19th July, 2019
Purpose of the field visit was to monitor the overall status of saplings in Budol nursery. Total number of seedlings was counted to be 13,372 of nine species namely Bhatmase, Mendula, Amala, Tanki, Masala, Barro, Tejpatta and Utis at Budol Nursery in 19th July, 2019. Air pruning Poly-pots and traditional system were compared and in average the quality of saplings was better in poly-pots than that of traditional polybags seedlings. According to forest officer in Sub-division Forest Office, demand for seedlings was higher than earlier and some farmers visited Sub- Division Forest Office requesting seedlings for their private land plantation.
B. Dadhuowa, Sindhupalchowk field visit, 19th July, 2019 to 20th July, 2019
Purposes of the field visit were to establish trail plots by planting fodder species taken from the nursery of Budol (Sub Division Office, Kavre), to demonstrate farmers about the methodologies of preparing biochar and to demonstrate farmers to plant the saplings of Tej Pat and Champ with the appropriate way of digging pits and mixing biochar.
On 19th July, plantation trial plot in the Bari land (un-irrigated land) owned by Mr Vesh Bahadhur Khatri was established. The area of trial plot is around 1 Ropani. There, the team demonstrated several plantation skills. On the next day i.e. on 20th July, they demonstrated farmer to compile the biochar with poultry manure in appropriate proportion i. e - (1: 4) and demonstrated them to dig pits and teach them skills and quantity for applying the manure hence prepared for Tejpat and Champ Plantation. On that day the team demonstrated the plantation methodology by planting altogether 11 saplings of Tejpat (Cinnamon) and Champ (Michelia).
Demonstration of Champ plantation with Mulching in Dhaduwa
The team also monitored the status of direct seedling trial of fodders species were they discovered issues such as higher number of seedling in bare lands, very low number of seedling in maize cultivated land as compared to uncultivated land (It might be because of the tillage and digging operation done by farmer for weeding which might have disturbed the germination of seeds) and very low survival rate of the Taki seed sowed on both the wall and terrace face.
From the analysis of above mentioned issues, the team concluded that the sprouting / survival rate of direct seedling is very low. The community people shared that germination was hampered by prolonged drought/late monsoon rain.
As a way forward, Mr Vesh Bahadhur had verbally agreed to guide other farmers during entire plantation season of 1000 saplings of Cinnamon and Champ seedling. Because of very low survival rate of seedling with directly seeding methods, the team suggested to replant the seedling there. Fodder seedling will be carried from Budol Nursery.
C. Chautara, Sindhupalchowk (Patle Pani Nursery monitoring) ,20th July , 2019
Purpose of the field visit was to monitor the overall status of saplings in Patle Pani Nursery. Status of total 40,025 number of 8 seedling species was monitored in 20th July where, the traditional method was found to be almost failed. The polybags were either filled without mixing manure or with inadequate quantity of manure. Because of this the quality of seedling was poor as compared to Budol Nursery.
D. Dhunkharka- Taxus Baccatan & Alnus Nepalensis monitoring, 21st -22nd July, 2019
Purpose of the field visit was to monitor the overall status of plantation sites from 21st -22nd July, 2019. Only very few i. e 5-6 out of 210 seedling ( Taxus Baccata and Alnus Nepalensis) is dead. When the team uprooted the wilted/dead Alnus Nepalensis saplings, they found that the root was incomplete (cut).The overall status was very good with healthy status and growth of saplings.