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Active and Equitable Forest Management

Trees and forests had played crucial role for survival in many societies and regions in the world. This role has been more immense in Nepal wherein a considerable fraction of the population heavily depends on forest and tree products for dwelling, food and food production, cooking, heating and medicine (Springate-Baginski et. al. 2003). Community forestry (CF) has been promoted in the last three decades in Nepal to provide forest users‟ greater control and access to forest resources and therefore improve local community‟s livelihood. However CF has not made significant impact on farming systems and rural livelihoods (Dougill et. al. 2001, Malla et. al. 2003). Low impact of community forestry torural livelihoods is brought about by the lack of active forest management to enhance
productivity (Yadav et. al. 2009). The lack of active forest management of community forest is associated with several underlying factors including technical issues, protection oriented forest management, poorly designed silvicultural practices and limited practical knowledge of forest management (Yadav et. al. 2011). Gilmour (2014) noted that despite the advances on understanding of social and policy arrangements of community forestry in the last few decades, particularly in Asia there has been an apparent lack of coherent body of knowledge on appropriate technical systems for community forestry

The Yalamaya Protocol for Effective Research Practice

This protocol is called “Yalamaya Protocol for the conduct of ethical and professional research practice within ACIAR project” or in short “The Yalamaya Protocol”. „The Project‟ in this Protocol denotes “Enhancing Livelihood and Food Security from Agroforestry and Community Forestry in Nepal” supported by ACIAR.

Earthquake Disasters in Nepal and implications for EnLiFT Project

The aim of this paper is to assess the impacts of recent Earthquake disasters in Nepal with a view to synthesise key implications to the present and future activities of the EnLiFT project operating in Lamjung and Kavre districts. Nepal‟s 11 districts including the capital
city of Kathmandu have been badly affected by two major earthquakes on the 26th of April and the 12th of May 2015. These earthquakes, as well as hundreds of aftershocks that followed, killed nearly 9,000 people, injured more than 22,000, and damaged over one million houses and historic monuments and public infrastructure1 The National Planning Commission (NPC) of Nepal has estimated the damage at US$ 7 billion2, approximately one third of Nepal‟s gross domestic product. The two earthquakes have triggered over 3,000 landslides in the Nepal Himalayas with the imminent risk of devastating floods with the onset of monsoon in July 2015. The poor, women, girls and elderly people are severely affected. Displaced populations are also vulnerable to abuse, neglect, marginalisation and exploitation. Nepal Government estimates show that the earthquake has increased poverty by 2-3% from its pre-existing base of 26% population below the poverty line.

Impacts of market-oriented agroforestry intervention on farm income and food security: A case study from Kavre and Lamjung districts of Nepal

Nepal is an agro based economy with agriculture being the largest contributor to GDP (29.37%) in 2016 (GoN, 2016). Over 60% of the population is engaged in agriculture, due to which it is the only sector that has the necessary multiplier effect to reduce poverty
significantly (DANIDA 2013). The Nepal Trade Integration Strategy (2010) highlights the potential export commodities such as cardamom, honey, ginger, lentils and tea as export products. Because of economic liberalization, the expansion of marketing of these commodities is possible where farmers can participate and enter into regional and international export markets (FAO 2011; ADS 2015, Shrestha and Pandit 2017). Demography is another factor contributing to the changing farming landscape. While rural populations continue to grow, more people are migrating and settling in towns and cities (Paudel et al 2014; ADS 2015). This change has resulted in an increasing number of people in urban areas being fed by smaller numbers of farmers. As a result of which many ancient terraces become abandoned and labor scarcity has been prominent (Paudel 2014; Shrestha and Pandit 2017).

Farmer to farmer training of Improved Agroforestry Systems and Entrepreneurship Development

Nepal is experiencing serious challenges on declining productivity and increasing food insecurity in recent years. As a result of which many rural youths are migrating to the cities and aboard (Malaysia, South Korea and gulf countries) for job. There is a shortage of active male labour force in most rural areas, which leave agricultural land terraces without proper use. In order to address this challenge, the EnLIFT project funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) facilitated Improved Agroforestry Systems and Entrepreneurship training in every year starting from 2013.

Process Report on Research-Policy Interface

The overall approach to linking research-policy was conceived under the concept of a policy lab that goes beyond any rational model. Named as EnLiFT policy lab (or EPL), the approach takes into consideration the view by Spilsbury and Nasi (2006) – to simply assume that conducting research on policies relating to forests and disseminating the findings will lead to changes in the policies themselves is unrealistically naive and grossly overestimates the role of knowledge in policy change processes. While critiques of rational, technocratic and multi stakeholder approach argue that policy lab within key policy actors and policy makers would not be able to raise the voice from ground, the research findings shared by researchers (policy lab facilitator and team) are embedded within critical action research. In a broad sense, research-policy interface refers to communication processes used to open frontiers of dialogue between researchers and policy actors. Such interface has been seen as having the potential to foster collaboration and cocreation of knowledge among science and policy actors (Van den Hove 2007). Figure 1 below shows how the bridging of the research and policy cycles takes place.

Leaflet: Action Research on Community Forestry Planning

Community forestry operational plan (CFOP) is a legally binding contractual document that sets priorities and rules for forest management, use, benefit distribution and plan for mobilizing human and natural resources

Leaflet: Revival of Chaubas Community Sawmill

The Chaubas Bhumlu Community Sawmill, established in 1995 in Kavre district, is situated in the centre of a dense pine plantation forest. Chaubas sawmill was supported by the Nepal-Australian Forestry Project. The sawmill experienced gradual financial loss and ceased its operation completely in 2012. The mill was a symbolic identity of community initiative of green economy and carried a strong Australian legacy in Nepal. The EnLiFT project adopted a participatory action research approach that brought it back to full operation in 2014. This note provides key actions, outputs and lessons learnt from Chaubas sawmill.