• EnLiFT 2 Project

  • Silviculture | Forest Planning & governance | Forest enterprises


Agroforestry systems and entrepreneurship development: Training manual for facilitators

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EnLiFT Model 1.0: a household income and food security model for rural areas of Nepal

The EnLiFT model was built to help estimating household income and food security level in rural areas of Nepal, especially in the mid-hills region that has a rugged terrain with high variability in terms of biophysical and climate condition. In this region, local people largely depend on farming system for their subsistence, and high poverty rate prevails due to difficult landscape condition. There is a strong need to develop more livelihood and environmentally sustainable farming systems for this region. Thus, a model that can estimate household income derived from different livelihood options, both on-farm and nonfarm, and the household food security level is desirable. In Nepal, including in the mid-hills region, both agricultural lands and community forestry play important role in the local livelihood. The community forestry in the country has been recognized as a successful environmental management and development program. The community forestry areas in Nepal comprise of 1.2 million hectares of land, or about one fourth of Nepal’s forested areas. The importance of community forest and agroforestry systems to the households living in the rural areas has been increasingly recognized. However, quantifying their contribution is not an easy matter. The EnLiFT model was designed to be able to estimate income contribution from both farmers’s agricultural lands and silviculture practices in community forestry.